Principles of Education A

Glossary of The Theory and Principles of Education

Paper (1) by Prof.M.S.Allaie
Ahimsa (Sanskrit for : Non injury) The doctrine that it is wrong to kill another living thing
Apollonian culture Type of culture that place high value on modernization.
Autonomy Freedom and ability of an individual to select personal values and to withstand social pressures for conformity in a given situation.
Bhakti Sanskrit word means "Devotion" love of "God".
Brahamans The ruling class in Indian tradition.
Brahm God.
Brahma Samaji Socio-religious reform movement against certain evils in Hindu society.
Child-centered education In this type of education, respect is to be given to the child's interest inclinations and capacities.
Children's house: A place where children are taught in an atmosphere which is very much favorable for the development of child's individuality.
Correlation Knowledge where there is mutual relationship between two or more subjects.
Craft Skill particularly in manual work supported by Jains and Buddhist.
Creative work Work where there is involvement of head and heart for utility of craft for earning as well as earning.
Dharshana: Sanskrit term means knowledge, vision or instrument of vision.
Humanist Lover of humanity, respect for equality and dignity of all human beings. "Reality" is human and truth is human.
Idealist One who follows his ideas.
Kala bhawan Place and institution for the education regarding arts and crafts.
Kali: Hindu goddess, Wife of Shiva, worshipped as the great and terrible mother.
Karma Sanskrit origin means "deeds" or "action" tracing from one's prior actions in earlier existences.
Kindergarden: The children's garden. (Idea is children are tender plants and teacher as gardener and school as garden).
Knighthood Honour of highest-rank. Medal, crown, certificate given to one's distinguished work.
Kshatriyas The warrior class in Indian tradition.
Life-centered education Education should help the child in understanding the problems of life and solving them patiently.
Logic Principles of reasoning are sound argument
Manual work Physical work given to a learner for dignity of labour
Naribawan A separate department for women education.
Nationalist Believer and follower of one's own nation. One who is devoted to the movement for its independence.
Naturalist One who has respect and belief for existence of physical universe i.e; plant and animal life.
Open-class ideology modern thought that any person can rise to any position and social class in society by hard work and ability regardless of his class of origin and present status.
Patriot Person who loves one's country out rightly.
Pragmatist One who treats facts of history with reference to their practical lessons.
Revelation Unveiling of truths which could not be reached by reason alone.
Reverence Respect to others.
Satyagraha Following the path of Ahimsa in practical applications.
Secularism Philosophy in which politics is separated from religion and faiths of all religions are given due and equal respect.
Self-supporting education Earn while you learn; learn while you earn.
Shantineketan A place of education where there is peace all around
Shilpa bhawan School of industries.
Social adjustment Harmonious relationship within and between individuals and groups.
Social Contract Theory, in which mankind has agreed to impose restrictions on individual liberty in order to establish state.
Social Psychology Branch of sociology which deals with study of individual behavior with social groups.
Socialism Philosophy in which individual liberty should be surrendered to the state to manage and explore resources in the interest of community as a whole.
Spritualist Believer of spiritual perfection which leads to ideal and eternal brotherhood.
Sudras The labour class in Indian tradition.
Swadeshi movement Movement to boycott British goods and to use Indian or Swadeshi goods.
The Vedas Sanskrit term meaning "knowledge". The Vedas are an ancient Indian collection of hymns, rituals and religious sacrifices.
Vaisyas The commercial class in Indian tradition.
Vedantist Believer of Vedas (Hindu religious philosophy scriptures).
Vidyabhawan School or department for studying Indian Philosophy, language and religions.
Vishnu Hindu God. Centre of worship.
Wisdom Highest knowledge and its proper utility.
Yoga A Sanskrit term meaning both "Yoke" and "Union". Practical means of discipline leading to union of the individual self and universal soul.

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